Kantor Stasiun Radio
Jalan Sei Tering Number 1
Batam 29451, Indonesia
The environmental consequences of the growth in maritime traffic would also increase
the risk in the number and magnitude of oil spills, discharges of bilge waters,
chemical spills and emission of greenhouse gases from ships.
The three littoral States of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore have ratified the
1982 UNCLOS and the International Convention of the Prevention of Pollution from
Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL Convention),
in addition to other international instruments developed and implemented by the
International Maritime Organization (IMO). Also, the three countries are signatories
to the Tokyo Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control, involving inspection
of vessels for validation of International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificates.
The integration of modules on environment protection and management into the MEH
needs to take into account their relevance to the marine and coastal environments.
These modules should cover the following functionalities: environmental monitoring,
protection and management, emergency response and risk/damage assessment. The MEH
system with its environmental modules can be used in marine pollution response and
control such as to predict the direction and speed of oil spill and aid in response
and clean-up. It is also possible to use it to identify and track ships that illegally
discharge their bilges or dump other oily wastes.